Earth Sciences

11777 record(s)
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  • This service represents the National Digital Elevation Model (DEM) 1 Second Percentage Slope product, derived from the National DEM SRTM 1 Second. Slope measures the inclination of the land surface from the horizontal. Percent slope represents this inclination as the ratio of change in height to distance.

  • The Marine Survey Multibeam Bathymetry Web Map Service contains the highest-resolution multibeam bathymetry grids available for download on Geoscience Australia's website. These bathymetry grids were collected over numerous multibeam survey programs conducted in Australian mainland and Antarctic waters by both Geoscience Australia and our collaborators. Layers are grouped by survey or region and where available include both the Geoscience Australia and vessel survey identification numbers that contributed to the bathymetry grids. Bathymetry grids have been rendered over a rainbow colour-ramp with minimum and maximum depth values unique for each survey. These values are specified in each survey's layer description. The resolution of each bathymetry grid is also specified in each survey's layer description

  • Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) and ultra-small angle neutron scattering (USANS) are used to directly detect the processes of hydrocarbon generation in the 10 nm to 10 μm size pores in carbonate and siliciclastic rocks which contain no land-plant material suitable for conventional maturity determination by vitrinite reflectance. The method takes advantage of the pore-size-specific variation of neutron scattering contrast between the solid rock matrix and pore-space content with depth, which is caused by thermal maturation of organic matter through the oil and gas generation windows. SANS and USANS measurements were performed on bedding plane-orientated core slices, extracted from a series of 10 to 12 depth intervals for three wells, CKAD0001, MacIntyre 1 and Baldwin 1 in the southern Georgina Basin, central Australia. The depth intervals, intersecting the organic-rich basal ‘hot’ shales of the middle Cambrian Arthur Creek Formation, were selected based on Rock-Eval pyrolysis data. SANS and USANS results indicate that oil generation has occurred in the past in nano-sized pores in rocks that are now at depths of around 538.4 m in CKAD0001 and 799.3 m in MacIntyre 1. Furthermore, in the CKAD0001 well, the oil-wet pores extend into the larger pore-size range (at least up to 10 μm) due to the efficient expulsion of oil. At around 880 m in Baldwin 1, the influence of pyrobitumen reverts pore space from gas wet to oil wet. These hydrocarbons have remained in situ since the Devonian when the Neoproterozoic to Paleozoic section was exhumed in the Alice Springs Orogeny and subsequently eroded, preserving only remnants of the once extensive basin sediments.

  • Legacy product - no abstract available

  • The Australian Neotectonics Database hosts an inventory of over 300 Australian intraplate faults and fault related folds that are known or suspected to be associated with earthquakes large enough to deform the Earth's surface (i.e. mostly M>6). These features are likely to have been the source of damaging ground shaking in the recent geologic past, and may potentially be in the future.

  • Legacy product - no abstract available