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  • This map was created from the Surface Geology of Australia (1:1M scale) dataset, plotted at 1:15 million scale. The Surface Geology of Australia data was compiled by standardising and edge-matching over 400 geological maps which have been published by Australian Government, State and Territory agencies over the past 40 years. This seamless digital dataset is the most detailed national coverage available of the continent and islands. It provides information on the distribution and type of over 5000 outcropping bedrock and regolith units, such as sand plains and dunes.

  • Processed Stacked and Migrated SEG-Y seismic data and section images for the Youanmi Deep Crustal Seismic Survey. This survey was conducted under a National Geoscience Agreement with the Western Australia Geological Survey. Funding was through the Onshore Energy Security Program and Western Australia's Exploration Incentive Scheme. The objective of the survey was to image the northwest Yilgarn Craton to the Ida Fault crossing the Meekatharra structural zone, a focus of gold mineralization. Data are supplied as SEG-Y files, TIFF and PDF images. Raw data for this survey are available on request from clientservices@ga.gov.au

  • The Petrel Sub-basin CO2 storage 2D seismic survey GA-0336, was acquired by the MV Duke in the Bonaparte Bay, NW Australia for Geoscience Australia between the the 3rd of May to the 24th of June 2012. This survey was part of the Australian government's National Low emission Coal Initiative (NLECI).The purpose was to acquire geophysical data on shallow water (less than 120m water depth) in the Petrel sub-basin to support investigation for CO2 storage potential in the area. Multibeam bathymetry data was acquired by the vessel at the same time as the seismic data. This bathymetry dataset consist of the high resolution bathymetry grids (2m) of all the swath data acquired by the MV Duke.

  • The 1:2.5M scale geology of Australia data documents the distribution and age of major stratigraphic, intrusive and medium to high-grade metamorphic rock units of onshore Australia. This edition contains the same spatial content as the previous edition, but its geological attribute data is more complete than the 2010 edition. The dataset was compiled to use at scales between 1:2.5 million and 1:5 million inclusive. The units distinguished/mapped mainly represent stratigraphic supergroups, regional intrusive associations and regional metamorphic complexes. Groupings of Precambrian units in the time-space diagram are generally separated by major time breaks; Phanerozoic units are grouped according to stratigraphic age i.e. System/Period. The time-space diagram has the added benefit that it provides a summary of units currently included on the themes. The method used to distinguish sedimentary and many volcanic units varies for each geological eon as follows: - Cainozoic units are morphological units which emphasise the relationship of the sedimentary fill to the landscape. - Mesozoic units are regionally extensive to continent-wide time-rock units which emphasise the System of Period(s). - Paleozoic units are stratotectonic units that emphasise either the dominant System or Period(s) or the range of Periods. - Proterozoic units are commonly regional stratotectonic units - separated by major time breaks and split into the Paleoproterozoic, Mesoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic Eras - which are generally unique to each cratonic region. - Archaean units are regional lithological units grouped into broad time divisions. Metamorphic units are lithological units which emphasise the metamorphic facies and timing of the last major metamorphic event.

  • The Surface Geology of Australia 1:1M scale dataset (2012 edition) is a seamless national coverage of outcrop and surficial geology, compiled for use at or around 1:1 million scale. The data maps outcropping bedrock geology and unconsolidated or poorly consolidated regolith material covering bedrock. Geological units are represented as polygon and line geometries, and are attributed with information regarding stratigraphic nomenclature and hierarchy, age, lithology, and primary data source. The dataset also contains geological contacts, structural features such as faults and shears, and miscellaneous supporting lines like the boundaries of water and ice bodies. The 2012 dataset has been updated from the previous 2010 data by updating geological unit data to 2012 information in the Australian Stratigraphic Units Database (http://www.ga.gov.au/products-services/data-applications/reference-databases/stratigraphic-units.html), incorporating new published mapping in the Northern Territory and Queensland, and correcting errors or inconsistent data identified in the previous edition, particularly in the Phanerozoic geology of Western Australia. The attribute structure of the dataset has also been revised to be more compatible with the GeoSciML data standard, published by the IUGS Commission for Geoscience Information. The first edition of this national dataset was first released in 2008, with map data compiled largely from simplifying and edgematching existing 1:250 000 scale geological maps. Where these maps were not current, more recent source maps ranging in scale from 1:50 000 to 1:1 million were used. In some areas where the only available geological maps were old and poorly located, some repositioning of mapping using recent satellite imagery or geophysics was employed.

  • On 23 March 2012, at 09:25 GMT, a MW 5.4 earthquake occurred in the eastern Musgrave Ranges region of north-central South Australia, near the community of Ernabella (Pukatja). This was the largest earthquake to be recorded on mainland Australia for the past 15 years and resulted in the formation of a 1.6 km-long surface deformation zone comprising reverse fault scarps with a maximum vertical displacement of over 50 cm, and extensive ground cracking. Numerous small communities in this remote part of central Australia reported the tremor, but there were no reports of injury or significant damage. The maximum ground shaking is estimated to have been in the order of MMI VI. The earthquake occurred in Stable Continental Region (SCR) crust, over 1900 km from the nearest plate boundary. Fewer than fifteen historic earthquakes worldwide are documented to have produced coseismic surface deformation (i.e. faulting or folding) in the SCR setting. The record of surface deformation relating to the Ernabella earthquake therefore provides an important constraint on models relating surface rupture length to earthquake magnitude. Such models may be employed to better interpret Australia's rich prehistoric record of seismicity, thereby improving estimates of seismic hazard.

  • Gravity data measure small changes in gravity due to changes in the density of rocks beneath the Earth's surface. The data collected are processed via standard methods to ensure the response recorded is that due only to the rocks in the ground. The results produce datasets that can be interpreted to reveal the geological structure of the sub-surface. The processed data is checked for quality by GA geophysicists to ensure that the final data released by GA are fit-for-purpose. This West_Murchison_Gravity_CSCBA267GU_geodetic.nc grid is a complete spherical cap Bouguer anomaly grid for the West Murchison Gravity survey. This gravity survey was acquired under the project No. 201260 for the geological survey of WA. The grid has a cell size of 0.00477693 degrees (approximately 500m). A total of 11816 gravity stations were acquired to produce this grid.

  • Gravity data measures small changes in gravity due to changes in the density of rocks beneath the Earth's surface. The data collected are processed via standard methods to ensure the response recorded is that due only to the rocks in the ground. The results produce datasets that can be interpreted to reveal the geological structure of the sub-surface. The processed data is checked for quality by GA geophysicists to ensure that the final data released by GA are fit-for-purpose. This West_Murchison_Gravity_CSCBA267GUVD_geodetic.nc grid is a first vertical derivative of the Bouguer anomaly grid for the West Murchison Gravity survey. This gravity survey was acquired under the project No. 201260 for the geological survey of WA. The grid has a cell size of 0.00477693 degrees (approximately 500m). A total of 11816 gravity stations were acquired to produce the original grid. A Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) process was applied to the original grid to calculate the first vertical derivative grid.

  • Gravity data measure small changes in gravity due to changes in the density of rocks beneath the Earth's surface. The data collected are processed via standard methods to ensure the response recorded is that due only to the rocks in the ground. The results produce datasets that can be interpreted to reveal the geological structure of the sub-surface. The processed data is checked for quality by GA geophysicists to ensure that the final data released by GA are fit-for-purpose. This PeakHill_Collier_SphCapBouguer_geodetic_500m.nc grid is a complete Bouguer anomaly grid for the Peak Hill - Collier Gravity survey. This gravity survey was acquired under the project No. 201160 for the geological survey of WA. The grid has a cell size of 0.00471363 degrees (approximately 500m). A total of 8898 gravity stations were acquired to produce this grid.

  • Gravity data measure small changes in gravity due to changes in the density of rocks beneath the Earth's surface. The data collected are processed via standard methods to ensure the response recorded is that due only to the rocks in the ground. The results produce datasets that can be interpreted to reveal the geological structure of the sub-surface. The processed data is checked for quality by GA geophysicists to ensure that the final data released by GA are fit-for-purpose. This Eucla_Southwest_Gravity_Complete_Spherical_Cap.nc grid is a complete spherical cap Bouguer anomaly grid for the Eucla South West Gravity survey. This gravity survey was acquired under the project No. 201162 for the geological survey of WA. The grid has a cell size of 0.005 degrees (approximately 510m). A total of 3800 gravity stations were acquired to produce this grid.