22058 record(s)
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  • Geoscience Australia carried out a marine survey on Carnarvon shelf (WA) in 2008 (SOL4769) to map seabed bathymetry and characterise benthic environments through colocated sampling of surface sediments and infauna, observation of benthic habitats using underwater towed video and stills photography, and measurement of ocean tides and wavegenerated currents. Data and samples were acquired using the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) Research Vessel Solander. Bathymetric mapping, sampling and video transects were completed in three survey areas that extended seaward from Ningaloo Reef to the shelf edge, including: Mandu Creek (80 sq km); Point Cloates (281 sq km), and; Gnaraloo (321 sq km). Additional bathymetric mapping (but no sampling or video) was completed between Mandu creek and Point Cloates, covering 277 sq km and north of Mandu Creek, covering 79 sq km. Two oceanographic moorings were deployed in the Point Cloates survey area. The survey also mapped and sampled an area to the northeast of the Muiron Islands covering 52 sq km. cloates_3m is an ArcINFO grid of Point Cloates of Carnarvon Shelf survey area produced from the processed EM3002 bathymetry data using the CARIS HIPS and SIPS software

  • We describe the information content of soil visible-near infrared (vis-NIR) reflectance spectra and map their spatial distribution across Australia. The spectra of 4030 surface soil sample from across the country were measured using a vis-NIR spectrometer with a wavelength range between 350-2500 nm. The spectra were treated using a principal component analysis (PCA) and the resulting scores were mapped by ordinary point kriging. The largely dominant and common feature in the maps was the difference between the more expansive, older and more weathered landscapes in the centre and west of Australia and the generally younger, more complex landscapes in the east. A surface soil class map derived from the clustering of the principal components was similar to an existing soil classification map. We show that vis-NIR reflectance spectra: (i) provide an integrative measure to rapidly and efficiently measure the constituents of the soil, (ii) can replace the use of traditional soil properties to describe the soil and make geomorphological interpretations of its spatial distribution and (iii) can be used to classify soil objectively.

  • D53/B1-96 Contour interval: 10

  • Detrital zircon age patterns are reported for sandstones from the mid-Permian-Triassic part of the accretionary wedge forming the Torlesse Composite Terrane in Otago, New Zealand and from the early Permian Nambucca Block of the New England Orogen, eastern Australia. In Otago, the Triassic Torlesse samples have a major (64%) age group of Permian-Early Triassic components ca. 240, 255 and 280 Ma, and a minor age group (30%) with a Precambrian-early Paleozoic range (ca. 500, 600 and 1000 Ma). In Permian sandstones nearby, the younger group is diminished (30%), and the older group also contains a major (50%) and unusual, Carboniferous group (components at ca. 330-350 Ma). This trend is similar in sandstones from the Nambucca Block, an early Permian extensional basin in the southern New England Orogen, in which Permian zircons are now minor (<20%), and the age patterns are also dominated (40%) by similar Carboniferous age components, ca. 320-350 Ma.

  • 22-1/H55-9/12 Vertical scale: 5