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  • On behalf of Australia, and in support of the Malaysian accident investigation, the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) was leading search operations for missing Malaysian airlines flight MH370 in the Southern Indian Ocean. Geoscience Australia provided advice, expertise and support to the ATSB to facilitate bathymetric surveys, which were undertaken to provide a detailed map of the sea floor topography to aid navigation during the underwater search. Prior to the bathymetric survey, very little was known about the sea floor in the MH370 search area, as few marine surveys have taken place in the area. Existing maps of the sea floor were coarse, having been derived from satellites and only providing a general indication of water depth. Before the underwater search for MH370 could begin, it was necessary to accurately map the sea floor to ensure that the search is undertaken safely and effectively. Bathymetry survey vessels spent months at sea, scanning the sea floor with multibeam sonar to gather detailed, high-resolution data. This collation of datasets on the National Computing Infrastructure contains the raw and processed data acquired during Phase 1 of the search for MH370. Bathymetric data was acquired by multibeam sonar mounted on the hull of multiple vessels (GA survey reference: GA-4421, GA-4422 & GA-4430). Bathymetric surveys were conducted from June 2014 to February 2017, collecting over 710,000 square kilometres of data in the search area and along transit lines (to and from the search area).The raw and processed datasets were acquired from Fugro Equator, Zhu Kehzen, Fugro Supporter between June 2014 and February 2017.

  • This is a compilation of all the processed bathymetric datasets held by Geoscience Australia for the Otway Basin, extending from Cape Jaffa in South Australia to north-west Tasmania. This dataset includes multibeam echosounder and LIDAR data, and was gridded at two resolutions (50 and 128 m) based on optimal resolution for the depth range encountered. The objective of this Otway Basin bathymetry dataset is to increase our understanding of the seafloor geomorphology of the region and provide a primary input dataset for the creation of numerous subsurface geophysical products. These include inputs to calibrated gravity and magnetic data to provide new insights to geological morphology and processes, inputs to 2D and 3D seismic processing for better subsurface imaging, inputs to velocity modelling for better time to depth conversions, and inputs to depth of burial 3D models to understand how sedimentary basins have evolved over geological time. This dataset is published with the permission of the CEO, Geoscience Australia. Not to be used for navigational purposes.

  • The NSW Continental Slopes survey GA-2413, SS10/2006 was acquired by Geoscience australia onboard the RV Southern Surveyor from the 12th of October to the 25th of October 2006. The geographical range stretched from Jervis bay in the South to Port Stephens in the North. The aim was to assess the physical nature of the NSW continental slope, improve our understanding of the surface and subsurface structure of the continental slope and to investigate the history of sediment movement along the continental slope.

  • The Mentelle Basin survey GA-0293, SS08/2005 was acquired by Geoscience Australia onboard the RV Southern Surveyor from the 28th of September to the 19th of October 2005. This deep water rift basin (up to 4500m depth) is located offshore from Fremantle on the SW Australian margin. The objectives of the survey was to study deep water marine habitats and to assess the petroleum potential of the Mentelle Basin. The swath data collected covered a new area of seabed that revealed the extents of the blind submarine canyons and completed the coverage of the Perth Canyon and filled the remaining gaps with high resolution swath bathymetry data.

  • This resource contains bathymetry and backscatter data for the Oceanic Shoals Commonwealth Marine Reserve (CMR) in the Timor Sea collected by Geoscience Australia during September and October 2012 on RV Solander (survey GA0339/SOL5650). The survey used a Kongsberg EM3002 300 kHz multibeam sonar system mounted in single head configuration to map four areas, covering a combined area of 507 square kilometres. Data are gridded to 2 m spatial resolution. The Oceanic Shoals Commonwealth Marine Reserve survey was undertaken as an activity within the Australian Government's National Environmental Research Program Marine Biodiversity Hub and was the key component of Research Theme 4 - Regional Biodiversity Discovery to Support Marine Bioregional Plans. Hub partners involved in the survey included the Australian Institute of Marine Science, Geoscience Australia, the University of Western Australia, Museum Victoria and the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory. Data acquired during the survey included: multibeam sonar bathymetry and acoustic backscatter; sub-bottom acoustic profiles; physical samples of seabed sediments, infauna and epibenthic biota; towed underwater video and still camera observations of seabed habitats; baited video observations of demersal and pelagic fish, and; oceanographic measurements of the water column from CTD (conductivity, temperature, depth) casts and from deployment of sea surface drifters. Further information on the survey is available in the post-survey report published as Geoscience Australia Record 2013/38 (Nichol et al. 2013).

  • Geoscience Australia conducted a marine seismic survey (GA-0349) over poorly defined areas of the Houtman sub-basin (part of the Perth basin) between 15th of November to the 23rd of January 2015. The aim was to acquire high quality, industry-standard precompetitive 2D seismic data, Multi-beam echo-sounder (MBES) off the coast of Western Australia. The new seismic data will supplement existing geological knowledge of the region, underpin petroleum prospectivity evaluation and support the discovery of new oil gas resources.

  • This resource contains surface sediment data for Outer Darwin Harbour collected by Geoscience Australia (GA), the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) and the Northern Territory Government (Department of Land Resource Management) during the period from 28 May and 23 June 2015 on the RV Solander (survey SOL6187/GA0351). This project was made possible through offset funds provided by INPEX-led Ichthys LNG Project to Northern Territory Government Department of Land Resource Management, and co-investment from Geoscience Australia and Australian Institute of Marine Science. The intent of this four year (2014-2018) program is to improve knowledge of the marine environments in the Darwin and Bynoe Harbour regions by collating and collecting baseline data that enable the creation of thematic habitat maps that underpin marine resource management decisions. The specific objectives of the survey were to: 1. Obtain high resolution geophysical (bathymetry) data for outer Darwin Harbour, including Shoal Bay; 2. Characterise substrates (acoustic backscatter properties, grainsize, sediment chemistry) for outer Darwin Harbour, including Shoal Bay; and 3. Collect tidal data for the survey area. Data acquired during the survey included: multibeam sonar bathymetry and acoustic backscatter; physical samples of seabed sediments, underwater photography and video of grab sample locations and oceanographic information including tidal data and sound velocity profiles. These datasets comprise total sediment metabolism, mineral specific surface area and carbonate and element concetrations, and C and N isotopes of seabed sediments. A detailed account of the survey is provided in: Siwabessy, P.J.W., Smit, N., Atkinson, I., Dando, N., Harries, S., Howard, F.J.F., Li, J., Nicholas, W.A., Potter, A., Radke, L.C., Tran, M., Williams, D. and Whiteway, T., 2015. Outer Darwin Harbour Marine Survey 2015: GA0351/SOL6187 Post-survey report. Record 2016/008. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. http://dx.doi.org/10.11636/Record.2016.008

  • The Petrel Sub-basin Marine Environmental Survey GA-0335, (SOL5463) was undertaken by the RV Solander during May 2012 as part of the Commonwealth Government's National Low Emission Coal Initiative (NLECI). The survey was undertaken as a collaboration between the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) and GA. The purpose was to acquire geophysical and biophysical data on shallow (less then 100m water depth) seabed environments within two targeted areas in the Petrel Sub-basin to support investigation for CO2 storage potential in these areas. This dataset comprises an interpreted geomorphic map. Interpreted local-scale geomorphic maps were produced for each survey area in the Petrel Sub-basin using multibeam bathymetry and backscatter grids at 2 m resolution and bathymetric derivatives (e.g. slope; 1-m contours). Five geomorphic units; bank, plain, ridge, terrace and valley, were identified and mapped using definitions suitable for interpretation at the local scale (nominally 1:10 000). Maps and polygons were manual digitised in ArcGIS using the spatial analyst and 3D analyst toolboxes.

  • This is a compilation of all the processed multibeam bathymetry data that are publicly available in Geoscience Australia's data holding for the Macquarie Ridge.

  • Two bathymetric surveys of Darwin Harbour were undertaken during the period 17 October to 07 November 2010 and 24 June to 20 August 2011 by iXSurvey Australia Pty Ltd for Darwin Port Corporation and Department of Lands Planning, and the Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport (NRETAS) in collaboration with Geoscience Australia (GA), the Darwin Port Corporation (DPC) and the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) using iXSurvey's and GA's Kongsberg EM3002D multibeam sonar systems and DPC's vessel 'Matthew Flinders'.