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  • The Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics (BMR) did a reconnaissance seismic survey in the central portion of the Bowen Basin in November, 1960. The objectives of the survey were to determine the structure of the Basin and the thickness of sediments by traversing from the western margin of the Basin near Anakie to the eastern margin east of Duaringa. Two other seismic surveys conducted in this Bowen Basin are Cooroorah Anticline seismic survey in 1959 (survey L037) and 254km seismic survey near the towns of Duaringa and Blackwater (survey L129).

  • In 2008, as part of the Australian Government's Onshore Energy Security Program, Geoscience Australia, acquired deep seismic reflection, wide-angle refraction, magnetotelluric (MT) and gravity data along a 250 km east-west transect that crosses several tectonic domain boundaries in the Gawler Craton and also the western boundary of the South Australian Heat Flow Anomaly (SAHFA). Geophysical datasets provide information on the crustal architecture and evolution of this part of the Archean-Proterozoic Gawler Craton. The wide-angle refraction and MT surveys were designed to supplement deep seismic reflection data, with velocity information for the upper crust, and electrical conductivity distribution from surface to the upper mantle. The seismic image of the crust from reflection data shows variable reflectivity along the line. The upper 2 s of data imaged nonreflective crust; the middle to lower part of the crust is more reflective, with strong, east-dipping reflections in the central part of the section.The 2D velocity model derived from wide-angle data shows velocity variations in the upper crust and can be constrained down to a depth of 12 km. The model consists of three layers overlying basement. The mid-crustal basement interpreted from the reflection data, at 6 km in depth in the western part of the transect and shallowing to 1 km depth in the east, is consistent with the velocity model derived from wide-angle and gravity data. MT modelling shows a relatively resistive deep crust across most of the transect, with more conductive crust at the western end, and near the centre. The enhanced conductivity in the central part of the profile is associated with a zone of high reflectivity in the seismic image. Joined interpretation of seismic data supplemented by MT, gravity and geological data improve geological understanding of this region.

  • The Onshore Energy Security Program, funded by the Australian Government, has been a five year program (2006-2011) conducted by Geoscience Australia in conjunction with the Australian state and Northern Territory geological surveys. Its aim was to provide new geological information on frontier onshore sedimentary basins in Australia, and, as part of this program, deep seismic reflection data have been acquired across several basins, to provide fundamental information on the stratigraphic and structural architecture of the basins and to stimulate hydrocarbon exploration. Reflection data were acquired over the Darling, Arrowie, Georgina (Queensland and Northern Territory), Amadeus, Arckaringa, Officer (Western Australia and South Australia) and southern Carnarvon Basins. This program also discovered and imaged a previously unknown basin, the Millungera Basin, in northwestern Queensland. Ranging from the Neoproterozoic to Cretaceous, these basins encompass segments of the Centralian Superbasin and later phases of basins that have built the Australia continent. Key results of this work include description of the architecture and internal geometries of each basin, settings imaged include mostly extensional basins, many which are later subject to contraction either by inversion (Arrowie Basin) or thrusting (Amadeus Basin) and, an example of a strike-slip basin, the Moorilyanna Graben, in the Officer Basin. The interpretation of stratigraphy used a sequence stratigraphic approach providing a basis for 1D petroleum systems modelling of the Millungera, Arrowie, Georgina (QLD) and Darling Basins. In total, 10 deep seismic profiles across 8 basins have been interpreted, hopefully contributing to an increase in onshore exploration activity.

  • Very short News item for ASEG's Preview newsletter announcing the availability of the Tasman Frontier Geophysical Data Base

  • A short article describing the outcomes of the Tasman Frontier Petroleum Industry Workshop held at Geoscience Australia on 8 and 9 March 2012.

  • Many of the onshore sedimentary basins in Australia are underexplored with respect to hydrocarbons. With domestic oil production in steady decline, and increasing offshore exploration costs, the Onshore Energy Security Program was funded by the Australian Government over five years (2006-2011), for Geoscience Australia to provide precompetitive geoscience data and assessments of the potential for onshore energy resources. As part of the Onshore Energy Security Program, deep seismic reflection data have been acquired across several frontier sedimentary basins to stimulate petroleum exploration in onshore Australia. The basins studied in this project include the Arrowie Basin (South Australia) and the Burke River Structural Zone of the Georgina Basin (northwest Queensland). The interpretation of deep seismic reflection profiles from these onshore sedimentary basins focussed on the overall stratigraphic and structural architecture of the basins. Petroleum systems maturation modelling was also undertaken to increase the understanding of the petroleum potential of these basins.

  • The Georgina-Arunta deep seismic reflection line (09GA-GA1) has provided an image of the entire crust in this part of central Australia. At a first approximation, beneath the Neoproterozoic-Devonian sedimentary basins, the crust can be divided into four distinct regions, namely, the Aileron, Irindina and Davenport Provinces, and the Ooratippra Seismic Province. Each of these regions is separated from each other by major, crustal-scale faults. The observed crustal architecture has implications for geodynamic models for the evolution of the region, implying amalgamation of these crustal blocks in the Paleoproterozoic and major shortening and basin inversion in the Paleozoic.

  • The CO2CRC Otway Project is Australia's first demonstration of geological storage of CO2 within deep underground reservoirs. The project has undergone many phases of implementation and the latest work program, Phase 2C, is aimed at injecting between 10,000 and 30,000 tonnes of CO2 into the saline Paraatte Formation located around 1,400m below surface. One of the key measures of success for Phase 2C is successful seismic detection of the injected gas stream. The geophysics team from Curtin University of Technology have previously conducted three 3D surface seismic surveys, and numerous smaller experiments, at the Otway CO2 re-injection site. These tests were completed during Phase 1 of the Otway Project whereby an (80-20%) CO2-CH4 gas mixture was re-injected into the depleted Warre-C gas reservoir. The feasibility of seismic monitoring of the CO2-CH4 gas mixture injected into the Paraatte Formation is expected to be improved over the Warre-C reservoir due to the increased fluid property contrast between brine and the CO2-CH4 mixture and the shallower depth of the reservoir. A comprehensive desktop feasibility study has been completed by the Curtin/CSIRO geophysics team to assess the probability of successful seismic detection and the preliminary results are encouraging. A Seismic Assurance Review workshop was completed incorporating seismic expertise from both academia and industry to assess the risk of unsuccessful seismic detection. The workshop was held on the 3rd and 4th of November, 2011, at Curtin University of Technology.

  • The Onshore Energy Security Program, funded by the Australian Government and conducted by Geoscience Australia, has acquired deep seismic reflection data, in conjunction with State and Territory geological surveys, across several frontier sedimentary basins to stimulate petroleum exploration in onshore Australia. Here, we present data from two seismic lines collected in South Australia and the Northern Territory. Seismic line 08GA-OM1 crossed the Carboniferous to Permian Arckaringa Basin is imaged as a series of depocentres forming the Phillipson and Penrhyn Troughs, with a much thinner succession connecting the depocentres, and extending well to the north. Seismic line 08GA-OM1 also crosses the Neoproterozoic to Devonian eastern Officer Basin. The basin is structurally complex in this area, being dominated by south-directed thrust faults and fault-related folds, providing potential for underthrust petroleum plays. Seismic line 08GA-OM1 also images the southern margin of the Amadeus Basin Seismic line 09GA-GA1 crossed the northeastern part of the Amadeus Basin and the complete width of the southern Georgina Basin in the Northern Territory. Structural and sequence stratigraphic interpretations of the seismic lines will be presented here, to be followed by an assessment of the petroleum potential of the basins. In the northeast, seismic line 09GA-GA1 crosses two parts of the basin separated by the Paleoproteroozic to Mesoproterozoic Casey Inlier. Seismic line 09GA-GA1 was positioned to cross that part of the southern Georgina Basin where the basin has a complex southern margin, with Neoproterozoic stratigraphy being thrust interleaved with basement rocks of the Arunta Region.