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  • The AGSO Cities Project was established in 1996 to undertake research directed towards the mitigation of the risks faced by Australian urban communities that are posed by a range of geohazards. Geohazards are broadly defined to include all earth surface processes with the potential to cause loss or harm to the community or the environment. The ultimate objective is to improve the safety of communities, and consequently make them more sustainable and prosperous. To provide a realistic focus to this research, and to achieve practical outcomes, the Cities Project is using a series of case studies based on Queensland centres to develop and test its science and techniques. Cairns is the first of these multi-hazard case studies. Cairns is the most northerly of Queensland's cities and one of the fastest growing communities in Australia. It is also an isolated community, located some 1 400 km from Brisbane (Figure (i)). Cairns has a resident population of approximately 120 000 and this total can exceed 150 000 at the height of the tourist season.

  • Australia's Identified Mineral Resources is an annual nation-wide assessment of Australia's ore reserves and mineral resources.

  • Australia's Identified Mineral Resources is an annual nation-wide assessment of Australia's ore reserves and mineral resources.

  • Australia's Identified Mineral Resources is an annual nation-wide assessment of Australia's ore reserves and mineral resources.

  • Australia's Identified Mineral Resources is an annual nation-wide assessment of Australia's ore reserves and mineral resources.

  • <p>The Oils of Australia Series comprises a trilogy of reports on the molecular (biomarker) and isotopic fingerprinting of Australia's oils and condensates compiled by Geoscience Australia and GeoMark Research of Houston. The series includes The Oils of Western Australia I (1996), The Oils of Eastern Australia (2002) and The Oils of Western Australia II (2005). <p>These studies have geochemically characterised Australia's petroleum accumulations into genetically related families. These data sets provide the exploration industry with an understanding of the petroleum systems operating in Australia's basins, and indicate their importance to future exploration.

  • The Oils of Western Australia integrates the information obtained from the chemical analysis of a large (120) suite of western Australian oils and condensates with the geology of the North West Shelf of Australia.

  • The Oils of Western Australia II report summarises the findings of a collaborative research program between Geoscience Australia and GeoMark Research undertaken on the petroleum geochemistry of crude oils and condensates discovered within the basins of western Australia and the Papuan Basin, Papua New Guinea prior to March 2000. The interpretations documented herein build on research that Geoscience Australia and GeoMark Research undertook previously in The Oils of Western Australia (AGSO and GeoMark, 1996) and The Oils of Eastern Australia (Geoscience Australia and GeoMark, 2002) studies. To make informed decisions regarding Australia's petroleum resources, it is important to understand the relationship between the liquid hydrocarbons within and between basins. This Study has geochemically characterised the liquid hydrocarbon accumulations of western Australian basins and the Papuan Basin into genetically related families. From a total of 316 samples, 33 oil/condensate families were identified in the western Australian basins; Bonaparte (10), Browse (2), Canning (4), Carnarvon (11) and Perth (6), as well as some vagrant and contaminated samples. Three oil/condensate families were recognised in the Papuan Basin. The geographic distribution of each oil/condensate family is mapped within each basin/sub-basin. Using the geochemical characteristics of each family, the nature of their source facies, thermal maturity level and degree of preservation has been determined. This Study used a set of standardised geochemical protocols that include bulk geochemical (API gravity, elemental analysis of nickel, vanadium and sulphur), molecular (gas chromatography of the whole-oil and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons) and bulk stable carbon isotopic analyses. n-Alkane-specific 13C isotopic analyses were carried out on only a selected set of oils and condensates. Statistical analyses were performed on these data using the software Pirouette provided by Infometrix. In addition to this report, the geochemical data acquired for the crude oils and condensates in this Study are provided in the accompanying Microsoft Access2000 database. These data may be viewed spatially and plotted on x-y cross-plots in the charting application included in the ESRI Australia GIS ArcView3.2 georeferencing package that also accompanies this report.

  • This report is published in two volumes; Volume I: Bowen-Surat and Cooper-Eromanga Basins, Volume II: Gippsland, Bass, Otway, Stansbury, McArthur, Amadeus, Adavale, Galilee and Drummond Basins. Following the basin-by-basin analysis of geochemical characteristics of eastern Australia's oils, a selection of oils that best represented the major families of each region were selected. These oils were statistically analysed using a subset of geochemical (OilMod) parameters derived from GC, GC-MS and carbon isotopic analyses. This exercise was intended to display the variability in oil compositions across the whole of the eastern part of the continent. The chemical classification of oils follows closely upon, and verifies the analysis based on, palaeogeography and the supersystem concepts.

  • Gas is a vital and growing part of the Australian and global energy mix. The gas industry is being transformed due to changes in markets and technology that are bringing new gas resources into play. This report builds on the Australian Energy Resource Assessment (AERA) was first published in March 2010 as a supporting document to the Energy White Paper process. The AERA (Geoscience Australia and ABARE, 2010) is a national prospectus for energy resources. It examined Australia's identified and potential energy resources ranging from fossil fuels and uranium to renewable sources. In the two years following the release of the AERA there have been significant changes in gas resources and within the gas market. This report provides an assessment of Australia's gas resources in 2012 and has been released to contribute to the final phase of the Energy White Paper process. The report documents the growth of gas resources and new projects that underpin an increasing role for gas both in Australia and internationally. For example coal seam gas (CSG) reserves have doubled since 2010 and three CSG/liquid natural gas (LNG) projects are now under construction, In addition, major new offshore conventional gas projects have been committed and commenced construction, including Ichthys in the Browse Basin and Prelude, the world's first floating LNG project. And Australia's third export LNG project, Pluto, has commenced operations.