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  • The East Australian Current (EAC) onshore encroachment drives coastal upwelling and shelf circulations, changes slope-shelf bio-physical dynamics, and consequently exerts significant influence on coastal marine ecosystem along the south-eastern Australian margin. The EAC is a highly dynamic eddy-current system which exhibits high-frequency intrinsic fluctuations and eddy shedding. As a result, low-frequency variability in the EAC is usually overshadowed and rarely detectable. For decades, despite many efforts into the ocean current observations, the seasonality of EAC’s shoreward intrusion remains highly disputable. In this study, for the first time we use a long-term (26 years) remotely sensed AVHRR Sea Surface Temperature (SST) dataset spanning 1992-2018 to map the EAC off the coast of northern New South Wales (NSW), between 28°S - 32.5°S. A Topographic Position Index (TPI) image processing technique was applied to conduct the quantitative mapping. The mapping products have enabled direct measurement (area and distance) of the EAC’s shoreward intrusion. Subsequent spatial and temporal analyses have shown that the EAC move closer to the coast in austral summer and autumn than in austral winter, with the mean distance-to-coast ~6 km shorter and occupying the shelf area ~12% larger. This provides quantitative and direct evidence of the seasonality of the EAC’s shoreward intrusion. Such seasonal migration pattern of the EAC thus provides new insights into the seasonal upwelling and shelf circulations previously observed in this region. As a result, we were able to confirm that the EAC is a driving force of the seasonal ocean dynamics for the northern NSW coast.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Environments, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. It describes the location and extent primary geomorphological environments (both dispositional and erosional) present along the Australia coast and the processes acting on the features within.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Landform Subtype Classifications, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. It describes the location and extent of landform subtypes identifiable at scales between 1:25,000 and 1:10,000. It also provides further detail to the Landform Type, with particular reference to feature stability (e.g. dune types) and mobility (e.g. channel types). It is cached service with a Web Mercator Projection.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Landform Type Classifications, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. It describes the location and extent of landform types identifiable at scales between 1:250,000 and 1:25,000. It describes the landform types present in either erosional or dispositional environments.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Scale Guide, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. It includes the extents of various reclassified costal mapping products. It is cached service with a Web Mercator Projection.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Environments, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. It describes the location and extent primary geomorphological environments (both dispositional and erosional) present along the Australia coast and the processes acting on the features within.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Smartline, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. The 'Smartline' is a representation of the geomorphic features located within 500m of the shoreline, denoted by the high water mark. The service includes geomorphology themes and stability classes.

  • The service contains the Australian Coastal Geomorphology Landform Subtype Classifications, used to support a national coastal risk assessment. It describes the location and extent of landform subtypes identifiable at scales between 1:25,000 and 1:10,000. It also provides further detail to the Landform Type, with particular reference to feature stability (e.g. dune types) and mobility (e.g. channel types).

  • Tracking changes in the canopy density of mangroves, Digital Earth Australia (DEA) Mangrove Canopy Cover reveals how these extraordinary trees may be responding to sea level rise, severe tropical cyclones, drought, climatic cycles, changing temperatures and large storm events. Mangroves provide a diverse array of ecosystem services but these are impacted upon by both natural and anthropogenic drivers of change. In Australia, mangroves are protected by law and hence the natural drivers predominate. It is important to know the extent and canopy density of mangroves in Australia so that we can measure how mangroves are responding to sea level rise, severe tropical cyclones and climatic cycles. This product provides valuable information about the extent and canopy density of mangroves for each year between 1987 and 2018 for the entire Australian coastline. The canopy cover classes are: - 20-50% (pale green) - 50-80% (mid green) - 80-100% (dark green) The product consists of a sequence (one per year) of 30 m resolution maps that are generated by analysing the Landsat fractional cover developed by the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program and the Global Mangrove Watch layers developed by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency. This product is the result of a collaboration between Geoscience Australia, the University of Aberyswyth, CSIRO, the Joint Remote Sensing Research Program and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network.

  • This report provides a description of the activities completed during the Outer Darwin Harbour Mapping Survey, from 28 May and 23 June 2015 on the RV Solander (Survey GA0351/SOL6187). This survey was a collaboration between Geoscience Australia (GA), the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) and Department of Land Resource Management (Northern Territory Government) and the first of four surveys in the Darwin Harbour Seabed Habitat Mapping Program. This 4 year program (2014-2018) aims to improve knowledge of the marine environments in the Darwin and Bynoe Harbour regions by collating and collecting baseline information and developing thematic habitat maps that will underpin future marine resource management decisions. The program was made possible through funds provided by the INPEX-led Ichthys LNG Project to Northern Territory Government Department of Land Resource Management, and co-investment from Geoscience Australia and Australian Institute of Marine Science. The specific objectives of the Outer Darwin Harbour Marine Survey GA0351/SOL6187 were to: 1. Obtain high resolution geophysical (bathymetry) data for outer Darwin Harbour, including Shoal Bay; 2. Characterise substrates (acoustic backscatter properties, grainsize, sediment chemistry) for outer Darwin Harbour, including Shoal Bay; and 3. Collect tidal data for the survey area. Data acquired during the survey included: 720 km2 multibeam sonar bathymetry and acoustic backscatter; 96 sampling stations collecting seabed sediments, underwater photography and video imagery and oceanographic information including tidal data and 54 sound velocity profiles.