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  • The Northern Australia Development Committee (a Committee composed of representatives of the Commonwealth and the States of Queensland and Western Australia) has recommended that a series of regional surveys be made in Northern Australia with the object of providing data which will enable development of the region to be planned on a scientific basis. These surveys are being made under the direction of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. From June to September 1946 the writer accompanied the C.S.I.R.O. party which was engaged in a reconnaissance survey of the Katherine-Darwin region. Christian, ecologist and leader of the party; Mr. G. A. Stewart, soil surveyor; and Mr. S. T. Blake, botanist. The area examined consists of 27,000 square miles in the north-western portion of the Northern Territory, west of longitude 133° east and between latitude 12° and 15° south. (See Plate 1 for locality map and reference to Australian map grid.) The primary object of the survey was to determine pastoral and agricultural possibilities. A geologist was attached to the party mainly because the area to be surveyed had been very incompletely mapped and the existing geological records did not provide an adequate background for the soil and pastoral work to be undertaken. The primary function of the geologist was, therefore, to provide this background for soil interpretation, but it was also intended that he should gather as much information as possible on the stratigraphy and mineral possibilities of the area. During the course of the investigation it was found, that geological mapping provided the essential framework into which much of the other scientific data could be fitted, and a fairly complete investigation of the stratigraphy and geomorphology of the area became essential. An account of the stratigraphy and geomorphology are submitted in this report with a reconnaissance geological map of the region. This geological map is the result of the combined work of the party and could not have been completed without the full co-operation of the other members and particularly of Mr. G. A. Stewart. An area of approximately 27,000 square miles had to be mapped by a series of traverses in a period of approximately four months, and the geology of the areas between these traverses had then to be filled in from available geological maps and records, and from aerial photographs which covered only parts of the region investigated. (See Plate 2.)

  • Note on plan No. G.26-2, which shows the results of Equipotential Line surveys conducted on the Comstock Area, during the years 1937 and 1938. It is supplementary to Plan No. G.26-1 which shows the results of similar surveys on the southern part of the Mt. Lyell area. Plan No. G.26-2 should be studied together with this plan and the accompanying report dated 13th May, 1948.

  • One gram of sample No. 1 and 2 grams of No. 2 were dissolved in about 100mL of hot water. After dissolving the soluble portions the solutions were filtered and the undissolved portions dissolved and weighed. This weight subtracted from the original weight of the sample gave the amount of soluble salts. The filtrate was diluted to 250 mls with distilled water, 100 mls being used for Ca and Mg determination. The results of this experiment are given in the report.

  • A deposit of heavy minerals on a beach near Cape Everard was reported by Mr. H. Smith of Noorinbee, and it was examined by Dr. D.E. Thomas, Chief geologist, Victorian Mines Department, and the writer on 5th and 6th January, 1949. The beach sand deposits were examined, and samples were taken for analysis. The results of these investigations, and subsequent conclusions, are described in this report.

  • Geophysical surveys were conducted by the Bureau at Mt. Lyell during the period March-July, 1948. Geophysical surveys were made on the Gormanston and adjacent areas. Methods of survey used comprised Equipotential Line, Self-Potential and Gravity. Concurrently with these operations the results of the 1934-38 geophysical surveys were examined. Field operations were resumed in January, 1949. The principal purpose of this Progress Report is to briefly describe the survey results obtained in 1948 and to state recommendations for testing.

  • This report describes the results of a micropalaeontological examination of three rock samples from the Poole Range area.

  • The Great Cobar ore deposit was discovered in 1870. Production commenced in 1871 and since that date mining at Cobar has been more or less continuous. The field has produced copper, gold, and silver to the value of approximately £A27,000,000. Cobar has been the most important producer of copper in New South Wales, and in recent years, has also been the most important gold-mining centre. The Zinc Corporation Limited is carrying out, with the aid of the Bureau, an extensive geological and geophysical examination of the area, with the hope of finding other orebodies. The Bureau itself has extended geological mapping over an area of approximately 2,000 square miles in the Cobar-Nymagee-Canbelego district with the ultimate aim of discovering other ore deposits, or even fields of the Cobar type. In the Nymagee district, North Broken Hill Limited is also carrying out, in co-operation with the Bureau, an extensive exploration programme. The history, production, reserves and prospects of the New Occidental, Chesney, and New Cobar mines are discussed in this report.

  • This report provides an overview of copper mining production in the Northern Territory between 1885 and 1947. Production, distribution, and economic considerations are generally discussed, and the principle copper producing mines are described in some detail. This description includes details of the geology and working of the lodes, ore grade, and recorded production figures.

  • This report describes the results of a micropalaeontological examination of samples taken from the depth of 26 to 193 feet down.