Assessing tsunami hazard using heterogeneous slip models in the Mentawai Islands, Indonesia
Authors / CoAuthors
Tsunami hazard maps are generated for the Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Indonesia, to support evacuation and disaster response planning. A random heterogeneous slip generator is used to forward model a suite of earthquake rupture scenarios on the Mentawai Segment of the Sunda Subduction Zone. A total of 1000 rupture models that fit constraints provided by coral and geodetic records of coseismic vertical deformation from great earthquakes in 1797, 1833 and 2007 are used to model inundation and define a maximum inundation zone that envelopes all of these scenarios. Results are compared with single scenario hazard assessments developed by experts and agreed through scientific consensus building processes to assess the additional value of modelling a suite of scenarios to obtain a more robust estimate of potential inundated areas by incorporating uncertainty in the earthquake source. The model presented here, like all tsunami hazard assessments, is based on assumptions about the characteristics of future events based on past events, however by sampling a range of plausible outcomes we gain a more robust estimate of which areas may be inundated during a tsunami within the bounds of our assumptions.